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History | Culture | Festival

 History

An old sea port town on the Arabian coast is Kollam or Quilon, History of Kollam which stands on the Ashtamudi lake. From the days of the Phoenicians and the Romans, Kollam, the erstwhile Desinganadu, had a sustained commercial reputation . Fed by the Chinese trade, it was regarded by Ibn Batuta, as one of the five ports , which he had seen in the course of his travels during a period of twenty four years, in the 14th century.
The rulers of Kollam (Desinganadu) and China , exchange embassies and there was flourishing Chinese settlement at Kollam. Merchant Sulaiman in 9th Century, found Kollam to be the only port in India , touched by the huge Chinese junks, on his way from Carton of Persian Gulf. Marco Polo, the great Venician traveller, who was in Chinese service under Kublahan in 1275, visited Kollam and other towns on the west coast, in his capacity as a Chinese mandarin.

In 1502, the Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish a trading center at Kollam. Then, in 1795 came the Dutch followed by the British. A British garrison was stationed at Kollam in pursuance of a treaty between Travancore and the British.
Velu Thampi Dalawa of Travancore, did much for the improvement of the Kollam town. He build new bazaars and invited merchants from Madras and Thirunelveli to settle here. Kollam later became the capital of the enlightened and liberal rulers of Desinganad.

Once a city of palaces, Kollam has been known to the outside world, by the time honoured proverb, "Once you have seen Kollam you would no more need your illam (Home)" The history of the district as an administrative unit can be traced back to 1835,when the Travancore state consisted of two revenue divisions with headquarters at Kollam and Kottayam. At the time of the integrating of Travancore and Cochin in 1949,Kollam was one of the three revenue divisions in the state. These three revenue divisions were converted into districts. Shencottah taluk was merged with Madras state consequent on the implementation of the state Reorganisation Act of 1956.


 Culture

For learning and culture Kollam, which is the capital of the erstwhile Venad was a great centre. From all parts of south India it attracted distinguished scholars. Leelethilakam and Unnuneeli Sandesam, two outstanding literacy works of historical importance, is contributions o0f 14th century Kollam. The dance from of Kathakali in its new version of Ramanattam was the creation of Kottarakkara Thampuran, who also improved Krishnanattam by substituting Malayalam for Sanskrit.

Paravoor K.C.Kesava Pillai, a gifted poet, prose writer, dramatist and Scholar, originated the musical play in Malayalam through his work Sadarama. His Kesaveeyam, a Mahakavyam, is of outstanding literary importance. He has a prominent place as a gifted composer of songs in the history of Malayalam music. Paravoor Kesavan Asan, the founder editor of Sujananandini, another prominent literacy figure, was a journalist and a prose writer of eloquence. His Saratchadrika is a contribution to the study of Ayurvedic system of medicine. E.V.Krishna Pillai, another literacy celebrity has etched his name in the field of humor and satire. C.V.Kunjuraman, editor of Kerala Kaumudi and Malayalarajayam was a poet, literacy critic, prose writer and journalist of outstanding distinction.


 Festival

Crafts Festival: (December - January) The craft festival is held annually during December-January. This festival features the work of craftsmen from all over the country.

Kerala Tourism Boat Races: (January)The Boat Race is conducted on 19th January every year to coincide with the great elephant march which is held on 17-20 January.

Kollam Pooram: (April) A colourful 10 day Vishnu festival which takes place in Ashram temple. It includes procession and fire works.

Ashtami Rohini: (August - September) Vadayattukotta Temple celebrates 5 day Ashtami Rohini festival. There are various amusements and festivities which are held in connection with festivals in temples.


 Kollam Hotels


 KOLLAM Tours


TOUR NAME DURATION PLACES
Kollam Tour
(Kollam Weekend)
02 Nights & 03 Days Trivandrum–Kollam(Quilon)– Trivandrum
Kollam Kollam Tour (Kollam Weekend)

Tour Information

  • Starting Point:
  • Trivandrum
  • Ending Point:
  • Trivandrum
  • Duration:
  • 02 Nights / 03 Days
  • More Info >>
Key to Kerala Tour 08 Nights & 09 Days Trivandrum–Kovalam– Kanyakumari–Kollam(Quilon) –Alleppey–Kumarakom– Thekkady–Cochin
Kollam Key to Kerala Tour

Tour Information

  • Starting Point:
  • Trivandrum
  • Ending Point:
  • Cochin
  • Duration:
  • 08 Nights / 09 Days
  • More Info >>

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